How to Help your Kids Read!!! | Six Common Comprehension Strategies
1. Making Connections | Students connect their background knowledge to the text they are reading. How to help your child use this strategy: Ask the following questions:
· What does the book remind you of?
· What do you know about the book's topic?
· Does this book remind you of another book?
2. Questioning | Through the use of question, students understand the text on a deeper level because questioning clarifies confusion and stimulates interest in a topic. How to help your child use this strategy:
· Model questioning your own rereading
· Ask I wonder…questions
· Ask your child to come up with questions before reading to see if it's answered in the text
· Keep track of questions: verbally, in an informal log, or stop and predict what will happen next
3. Visualizing | Students create mind pictures and visualizations when they read. How to help your child use this strategy:
· Share wordless picture books with your child and have your child tell the story.
· Make frequent stops while reading aloud to describe the pictures in your minds.
· After reading time at home, have your child draw what they see in their mind.
4. Inferring | Students make inferences about text they are reading to interpret meaning and develop deeper understanding. How to help your child use this strategy: Ask them: Select only two of the ideas to discuss below.
· How did you know that?
· Why did you think that would happen/
· Look at the cover and pictures then make predictions.
· Discuss the plot and theme.
· What do you think this story was about?
· Does it remind you of anything?
5. Determining Importance | When students are reading non-fiction they have to decide and remember what is important from the material they read. How to help your child use this strategy: Before reading ask your child what he/she knows about the topic and what they would like to learn.
During reading help your child look for clues in the text to determine importance. Pay attention to:
· First and last lines of a paragraph
· Frames text
· Bold faced print
After reading discuss what important information they have learned.
6. Synthesizing | Students weave together what they read and their own ideas into new complete thoughts. How to help your child use this strategy:
· Use questioning strategies such as," How has your thinking changed from reading that piece?"
· Discuss current events with an emphasis on judgments and opinions.
· Ask questions with no clear answers.